Thiamin (B1)

Benefits

  • Healthy Heart
  • Brain
  • Energy

Deficiency

The human body cannot produce vitamin B1, so we must rely on our food sources to get the appropriate amount of nutrients. High levels of vitamin B1 are found in whole grains, meats, and fish products, proposing deficiency for those that eat a vegan or vegetarian diet. Humans require a minimum of 0.33 mg of B1 for every 1,000 kcal of energy they consume. 

Lifestyle Choices

High levels of alcohol intake and dependency can lead to vitamin B1 deficiency. Deficiency occurs because ethanol reduces gastrointestinal absorption of B1, and B1 is stored in the liver. GEM provides .4mg of B1 which is 35% of recommended daily values; enough to fill the gaps in the diet and ensure healthy levels of B1 for your lifestyle.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1797957
  2. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Thiamin-HealthProfessional/
  3. https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh27-2/134-142.htm

Riboflavin (B2)

Benefits

  • Energy
  • Brain
  • Women’s Health

Deficiency

Vitamin B2 is found primarily in meat and dairy products like eggs, organ meats, lean meats, and milk. GEM sources B2 from the green algaes spirulina and chlorella- allowing all diets to reap the benefits.

Women’s Health

Vitamin B2 deficiency has been linked to preeclampsia in pregnant women; high blood pressure during the third trimester. A study in 154 pregnant women at increased risk of preeclampsia found that those who were riboflavin deficient (classified as erythrocyte glutathione reductase activation coefficient of 1.4 or greater) were 4.7 times more likely to develop preeclampsia than those who had adequate riboflavin nutritional status. While we notice a link between B2 and blood pressure, GEM is not intended to decrease blood pressure levels; GEM contains .5mg to support a healthy lifestyle. 

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1797957
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26780280
  3. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/riboflavin
  4. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Riboflavin-HealthProfessional/

Niacin (B3)

Benefits

  • Brain
  • Beauty
  • Energy

Skin Health

High levels of skin cell reproduction and impaired changes in cells can alter our skin barrier and increase the occurrence of pre-malignant and malignant skin conditions. B3 is recognized to help fight internal and external stressors, which can ultimately lead to the breakdown of our skin such as premature signs of aging. The daily recommended value of B3 is 14mg, GEM contains 5.8mg in each bite.

Energy

Vitamin B3 is responsible for turning food in our bodies into energy. Without B3, our bodies would not be able to convert protein, carbs, and fats into usable energy. The production of energy is essential for the health of our skin, eyes, hair, and liver.

References

  1. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/niacin
  2. https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/924.html
  3. https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements-niacin/art-20364984
  4. https://www.livestrong.com/article/466664-does-niacin-give-you-energy/

Vitamin B6

Benefits

  • Happy Heart
  • Mood Booster
  • Sleep Aid

Happy Heart

B6 produces antibodies within the body that help fight against disease. While maintaining normal nerve function, B6 makes hemoglobin, that carries oxygen in red blood cells to our tissue. One study included more than 5,500 adults with known cardiovascular disease and found that supplementation for 5 years with vitamin B6 (50 mg/day), reduced homocysteine levels and decreased stroke risk by about 25%. 

Mood

Symptoms of depression and low vitamin B6 status have been reported in late-life. In a randomized, double-blind placebo study, 563 individuals who suffered from a recent stroke took 25mg of B6 daily, which halved the risk of a major depressive episode in the individuals over a mean span of 7 years. (GEM contains 0.5mg of B6 and is not intended to treat or prevent depression.)

References

  1. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/vitamin-B6
  2. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminB6-HealthProfessional/
  3. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002402.htm

Folate (B9)

Benefits

  • Mood Booster
  • Cognitive Function
  • Immune Support

Mood

Some studies have found an association between low B9 levels and depression. A study with 127 patients experiencing major depression found a significant improvement in depressive symptoms of women who received 500mcg of B9 over a span of 10 weeks. GEM is not intended to treat depressive episodes. GEM contains 120mcg of B9, making up 30% of the recommended daily intake; enough to fill in the gaps and support a healthy lifestyle. 

Cognitive Function

Some evidence has found a correlation between low B9 levels and poor cognitive function and a higher risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. A study found the 400 mcg of B9 added to the diets of 60-74 years olds improved some measures of cognitive function, particularly memory. GEM is not intended to particularly increase memory or fight against dementia.

Women’s Health

Vitamin B9 demands increase for women of childbearing ages and pregnant women due to cell multiplication within the body. 109 women were studied to look at the folate intake and status during pregnancy of those with high long-term vegetable intake and those eating an average Western diet. Regardless of diet, pregnant women should ensure their B9 levels are met due to its role in the nucleic acid synthesis and cell multiplication.

References

  1. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Folate-HealthProfessional/
  2. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/2de9/42e2bef16e2ae5462c71dee9da44c2356000.pdf
  3. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/131/3/733/4687187?searchresult=1

Vitamin B12

Benefits

  • Memory Performance
  • Energy
  • Lifestyle

Brain Function

Vitamin B12 is essential for brain function. B12 nutrients guarantee a quick nerve-impulse transmission, resulting in an action. Vitamin B12 is one of the eight B vitamins that can transfer the food we eat into glucose, which gives us energy. B12 is a key component that reduces our feelings of fatigue and weakness. 

Vegans & Vegetarians

Vitamin B12 can be found in animal products like fish, meat, eggs, and milk products. Studies have found that those eating a vegan or vegetarian diet are often times deficient in B12, leading to issues with cognition and fatigue.

References

  1. https://academ...1627S/4596952
  2. Vegan Diet: Position of the German Nutrition Society
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12042457

Biotin (B7)

Benefits

  • Happy Heart
  • Beauty
  • Women’s Health

Skin Health

Vitamin B7 plays key roles in histone modifications, gene regulation, and cell signaling. Studies have found that B7 helps strengthen brittle nails, making biotin highly popular in the beauty world. One study looked at 22 women over a period of 6-15 months suffering from brittle, splitting or soft nails. After consuming 2.5mg/day, participants saw their nail thickness increased by 25%. GEM contains 30mcg of B7, making up 100% of your recommended daily intake to support cell growth and general health. 

Women’s Health

A study found that third-trimester pregnant women and lactating women postpartum, compared to the control group of nonpregnant and nonlactating women, require higher biotin intakes to avoid inadequacy (Comparatively 57 mcg to the recommended intake of 30 mcg). Women need doses of B7 that are higher than recommended while pregnant and lactating due to the increased levels of metabolization during pregnancy and feeding. GEM isn't specifically designed for pregnant or lactating women, it simply provides adequate amounts of B7 to support a healthy lifestyle.

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/144/12/1977/4575076?searchresult=1
  2. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Biotin-HealthProfessional/

Pantothenic Acid (B5)

Benefits

  • Energy
  • Immune Support
  • Women’s Health

Immune Support

Vitamin B5 is a nutrient that is essential for life. B5 is a precursor in the biosynthesis of coenzyme A, an essential coenzyme in a variety of biochemical reactions that sustain human life. Vitamin B5 plays a role in triglyceride synthesis and lipoprotein metabolism. 

Women’s Health

A study followed 26 pregnant women and a control group of 17 nonpregnant women to study the outcome of pregnant and lactating women's differing vitamin B5 levels. When 26 pregnant women did not take B5, they experienced intakes less than the recommended daily intake compared to the control group that consumed an average of 2.75mg/1,000kcal burned. This suggests that pregnant women should consume high levels of B5 to maintain blood vitamin levels similar to nonpregnant women. GEM contains 2.7mg of B5, making up 55% of the recommended daily intake; enough to fill the gaps in the diet and ensure healthy levels of B5 for your lifestyle.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3968356
  2. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/PantothenicAcid-HealthProfessional/
  3. https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/pantothenic-acid

Vitamin D

Benefits

  • Mood Booster
  • Immune Support
  • Sleep Aid

Sunshine

Our bodies naturally produce vitamin D when we’re exposed to sunlight, but variables like the season, our distance from the equator, how much sunscreen we wear and our daily work habits greatly affect our absorption and production of vitamin D. Lifestyle factors like working indoors can similarly reduce our levels of vitamin D.

Vegan & Gluten Free Diets

Vitamin D is found in fish, dairy, animal, and fortified processed foods like fish liver oils or fatty fishes like salmon and tuna, milk, cereal, cheese, and egg yolks. Our plant-based and gluten-free friends are missing out of the vitamin D that assists with so many other absorptions and supports within our bodies.

Deficiency

A study found that ⅔ of a 1,200 sample group of females is deficient in vitamin D (showing levels within the body to be less the 80nmol/L, a value considered to be the lower end of the optimal range). Lack of sunshine for working women can lead to other health irregularities like menstrual irregularity, infertility, and a decline in glucose metabolism.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18844843
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2839537?dopt=Abstract
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17031008

Omega 3s

Benefits

  • Brain
  • Happy Heart
  • Women’s Health

Brain

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is a type of omega fatty acid that is important for brain function. A 2012 study reviewed the cognitive abilities of 127 healthy adult participants and found that those who consumed 1.16 g of DHA (omega 3s) /day showed improved memory on computerized cognitive tests compared to the placebo group. GEM contains 100mg of Omega-3, enough to fill the gaps in the diet and ensure healthy levels for your lifestyle.

Heart

Supportive but not conclusive research shows that consumption of EPA and DHA omega-3 fatty acids prove to have heart health benefits. GEM is not intended to promote protection against heart disease; GEM fills in the gaps of a healthy lifestyle. 

 

  1. https://www.newhope.com/supply-news-amp-analysis/fda-announces-qualified-health-claims-omega-3-fatty-acids
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23515006
  3. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/aee0/68b4e80f307a236ac033f87538bd192f43a2.pdf

Magnesium

Benefits

  • Women’s Health
  • Sleep
  • Lifestyle

PMS & Deficiency

Those that suffer from menstrual headaches have shown signs of deficiency in magnesium. A 1991 study of 20 patients affected by menstrual migraines showed a reduced number of days with a headache after two months of magnesium supplementation (360mg/day). While we recognize the linkage between PMS and magnesium, GEM contains 210mg per bite, meant to support overall health.

Sleep & Insomnia

A 2001 study looked at the effects of added dosage of 40mmol.kg of Magnesium to study the paradoxical sleep patterns. They found that higher levels of Magnesium were associated with less fragmented sleep. GEM contains 210mg of magnesium, making up 50% of your recommended daily intake. While we recognize the suggested link between magnesium and sleep, GEM is not intended to aid in sleeping habits.

Alcohol Intake

High levels of alcohol intake can lead to renal dysfunction with excess excretion of magnesium into the urine. Studies have suggested that alcohol strips key nutrients within the body when consumed in large quantities. 

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1526-4610.1991.hed3105298.x
  2. http://www.olivamine.com/sites/default/files/research/Magnesium-and-Sleep.pdf
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5452159/
  4. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Magnesium-HealthProfessional/

Stress Adaptogen (Ashwagandha)

Benefits

  • Stress
  • Women’s Health
  • Concentration

Stress

A recent study found that stress in America rose from the previous record of 4.8/10 in 2015 to a new all-time high of 5.1/10 in 2017.  A study found that women differ from men, not only in their emotional responses to stress but that acute and chronic stress may take a greater toll on women’s physical and mental health than that of men. Another study found that those taking 300 mg/day of Ashwagandha had a 44% reduction in their stress levels, whereas the placebo group only experienced a 5.5% reduction. In the same study, 300 mg/day of ashwagandha had a 27.9% reduction in cortisol levels, the hormone in charge of our stress levels. GEM provides 130mg of Ashwagandha, enough to fill the gaps in the diet and ensure a healthy lifestyle.

Additionally

The biologically active chemical constituents of Ashwagandha include alkaloids, steroidal lactones and saponins. Sitoindosides and acylsterylglucosides in Ashwagandha are anti-stress agents. The root of Ashwagandha smells like a horse, given its name, Ashwagandha (translating to: on consuming it gives the power of a horse).

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3573577/
  2. https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2016/coping-with-change.pdf
  3. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/brb3.497
  4. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/30/health-effects-of-stress-women_n_2585625.html
  5. An Overview of Ashwagandha: A Rasayana (Rejuvenator) of Ayurveda

Vitamin K2

Benefit

  • Strong Bones
  • Beauty
  • Happy Heart

Deficiency

Vitamin K1, known as phylloquinone, is found in leafy green vegetables like kale, algae, and broccoli, while K2, a series of menaquinones, is animal-based products like chicken, yogurt, and eggs. GEM sources our K2 from plants to ensure all lifestyle diets can get their daily dose of 52 mcg. 

Strong Bones

Vitamin K2 helps deposit calcium into our bones and increases bone density. A bone-building protein, Osteocalcin, relies on K2 to become activated and then bind to calcium.

Skin Health

Most bruising is caused by weakened blood vessels that break and allow blood to pool in our skin. Vitamin K strengthens weakened capillaries to ensure bruising heals quickly and allows skin to build up more resistance. 

Happy Heart

Proteins like matrix-Gla protein have been shown to inhibit vascular calcification; the wear and tear on our arteries and blood vessels. These proteins are entirely dependent on the availability of Vitamin K within the body.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4566462/
  2. http://www.maedica.ro/articles/JMR/2003/2003_Vol1_No3-4/2003_Vol1_No3-4_pg47-50.pdf
  3. Dietary intake of menaquinone is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease: the Rotterdam Study.
  4. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminK-HealthProfessional/

Iron

Benefits

  • Energy
  • Lifestyle
  • Women’s Health

Deficiency

The World Health Organization estimates that about half of the 1.62 billion cases of anemia around the world are due to iron deficiencies. Pregnant women, young children, and women with heavy menstrual bleeding are prone to deficiencies.

Vegan and Vegetarian Diets

Iron is found mainly in meat, fish, and poultry sources. GEM sources our iron from curry leaves; when your body consumes curry leaves it has all the additional compounds and organic co-nutrients to help to fully absorb and digest the iron. 

References

  1. https://www.repo.uni-hannover.de/bitstream/handle/123456789/2754/Dietary%20Iron%20Intake%20and%20Iron.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  2. Dietary intake and iron status of Australian vegetarian women
  3. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iron-HealthProfessional/

Antioxidants (Astaxanthin)

Benefits

  • Beauty
  • Immune Support
  • Happy Heart

Skin Health

The skin is the outermost barrier of the body and is in direct contact with the environment, which causes physical damage. Skin can regulate itself and find equilibrium by sensing the environment. However, chronic exposure to UV rays from the sun contributes to skin photoaging (dryness, wrinkles, etc.) Astaxanthin is known for its antioxidant powers and can fight against UV rays when it effectively accumulates in the dermis, the thick layer of living tissue below the epidermis which forms the true skin.

Muscle Function and Cardiovascular Health

Astaxanthin is effective in building more physical and muscular endurance and recovery. The first human study on astaxanthin and endurance showed that athletes who took 4mg of astaxanthin every day over 6 months reported a 62% improvement in muscular strength, power output, and endurance. While we recognize the linkage between astaxanthin and muscle function, GEM includes 4mg to support overall health.

References

  1. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0171178
  2. https://www.marketamerica.com/site/product?localeCode=en&redirect=true
  3. https://books.google.com.au/books?id=6gzrRZ_U7dQC&pg=PA135&dq=astaxanthin+and+sports+performance&lr=&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=3#v=onepage&q=astaxanthin%20and%20sports%20performance&f=false

 

While containing all of the above nutrients, GEM was created to assist in filling in the gaps of what we may be missing from our day-to-day diets.